Borobudur Temple The Sailendra dynasty built this Largest Buddhist monument in the world between AD 780 and 840. The Sailendra are the ruling dynasty in Central Java at the time.
It was built as a place for glorifying Buddha and a pilgrimage spot to guide mankind from worldly desires into enlightenment and wisdom according to Buddha.
This monument was discovered by the British in 1814 under Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles, it was until 1835 that the entire area of the borobudur temple has been cleared.
Borobudur Temple unquestionably has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, followed by the monument’s listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The four square levels of Rapadhatu contain galleries of carved stone reliefs, as well as a chain of niches containing statues of Buddha. In total there are 328 Buddha on these balustrade levels which also have a great deal of purely ornate reliefs.
The Sanskrit manuscripts that are depicted on this level over 1 300 reliefs are Gandhawyuha, Lalitawistara, Jataka and Awadana. They stretch for 2.5km. In addition there are 1 212 decorative panels.
The three circular terraces leading to a central dome or stupa represent the rising above the world, and these terraces are a great deal less ornate, the purity of form is paramount.
read next Borobudur Temple in Java Indonesia.
Also the terraces contain circles of perforated stupas, an inverted bell shape, containing sculptures of Buddha, who face outward from the temple. There are 72 of these stupas in total. The impressive central stupa is currently not as high as the original version, which rose 42m.
Unlike the stupas surrounding it, the central stupa is empty and conflicting reports suggest that the central void contained relics, and other reports suggest it has always been empty.
Selain pemugaran pada awal abad ke-20, ditemukan dua candi kecil di kawasan tersebut, bernama Pawon dan Mendut, yang posisinya sejajar dengan Candi Borobudur .
Dipercaya bahwa terdapat hubungan keagamaan timbal balik antara ketiga candi tersebut, meskipun proses ritual pastinya masih menjadi misteri. Pasalnya ketiga pura tersebut digunakan sebagai jalur Festival Hari Waisak.
Festival ini memperingati kelahiran, pencerahan dan kematian Buddha Gautama.
sumber : borobudurpark.com
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